Leukemia is a type of blood cancer that affects blood-forming tissues such as bone marrow and lymphatic system. Leukemia forms are of various types. Some of the types are common in children while many other types are more likely affect adults. Leukemia involves white blood cells that are known to fight against a plethora of infections. Patients suffering from Leukemia produce white blood cells that function abnormally. Leukemia test and treatment can be complicated, depending on the type of leukemia and other factors.
What are the symptoms of Leukemia?
Some of the common symptoms of Leukaemia include –
- Persistent weakness and fatigue.
- Fever and chills.
- Loss of appetite and weight.
- Excessive sweating, particularly during the night.
- Pain in bones or tenderness.
- Easy bruising and bleeding.
- Frequent or severe infections.
- Rashes or red spots on the skin.
The symptoms are vague and not much specific. These symptoms resemble the signs of a regular cough and cold or flu. Therefore, a person experiencing any of the symptoms is advised to get a leukemia test done immediately.
What are types of Leukemia?
The major leukemia types are –
- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) – It is the most common type of leukemia that is chronic in nature.
- Acute Lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) – This type of leukemia in common in children.
- Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) – This can occur both in children and adults.
- Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) – A person suffering from CML experiences few or no symptoms for months, or year till the leukemia cells grow rapidly.
Some of the other major types are Myelodysplastic syndromes, Hairy cell leukemia, and myeloproliferative disorders.
What the types of risk factors include?
Major factors that can increase the risk of developing leukemia include –
- If one had undergone previous cancer treatment.
- If the patient is suffering from genetic disorders.
- If the patient is exposed to certain types of chemicals such as Benzene that are found in gasoline.
- If the person has a family history of leukemia.
What are the tests and diagnosis options?
Leukemia test includes – physical examinations, blood tests, and bone marrow tests. The patient can also opt for some of the other additional diagnostic tests that are helpful in determining the type of Leukemia one is suffering. The tests can be classified the Leukemia types and indicate the severity of the disease. These also help the doctor to determine the type and make a treatment plan.