Dengue Fever Blood Test – For Detecting the Dengue Virus

Dengue fever blood test is done to diagnose and screen dengue. Indications, which for the most part start four to six days after disease and keep going for up to 10 days, may incorporate-

  • Sudden, high fever
  • Severe migraines
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Severe joint and muscle torment
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash, which may go on for two to five days after the beginning of fever
  • Mild bleeding (such a nose drain, draining gums, or simple wounding)

Initially, manifestations are gentle and can be confused for those of this season’s cold virus or another viral contamination. More teenagers and individuals who have never had the disease have a tendency to have milder cases than more seasoned teenagers and grown-ups.

Dengue fever blood test is very important as this problem can create many issues. It includes high fever, harm to lymph and veins, seeping from the nose and gums, swelling of the liver, and problem in the circulatory framework. The side effects may advance to excessive bleeding, stun, and demise. This is called dengue stun disorder (DSS).

Individuals with debilitated resistant frameworks and additionally those with a moment or consequent dengue contamination are accepted to be at more serious hazard for creating dengue haemorrhagic fever.

Diagnosing with Dengue fever blood test

Dengue fever blood test is utilized to decide if a man with side effects and late potential presentation to dengue has been tainted. The contamination is hard to analyse without research facility tests since side effects may at first look like different sicknesses, for example, jungle fever. Two kinds of testing are accessible:

Antibody tests- These tests are essentially used to help analyse a present or late contamination. They distinguish two distinct classes of antibodies created by the body in light of a dengue fever infection, IgG and IgM.

Analysis may require a mix of these tests in light of the fact that the body’s resistant framework (immune system) produces fluctuating levels of antibodies through the span of the disease.

IgM antibodies are delivered first and tests for these are best when performed no less than 7-10 days after presentation. Levels in the blood ascend for fourteen days, at that point step by step diminish. Following a couple of months, IgM antibodies fall beneath distinguishable levels. IgG antibodies are delivered all the more gradually in light of a disease.

Regularly, the level ascents with an intense contamination, balances out, and afterward continues for long duration of time. People who have been presented to the infection preceding the present infection keep up a level of IgG antibodies in the blood that can influence the conversion of demonstrative outcomes.

Atomic testing (polymerase chain response, PCR)- This sort of Dengue fever blood test distinguishes the hereditary material of the dengue infection in blood up to 5 days after side effect beginning (fever).


Leukemia Test: What is Its Importance and Major Types?

Leukemia is a type of blood cancer that affects blood-forming tissues such as bone marrow and lymphatic system. Leukemia forms are of various types. Some of the types are common in children while many other types are more likely affect adults. Leukemia involves white blood cells that are known to fight against a plethora of infections. Patients suffering from Leukemia produce white blood cells that function abnormally. Leukemia test and treatment can be complicated, depending on the type of leukemia and other factors.

What are the symptoms of Leukemia?

Some of the common symptoms of Leukaemia include –

  • Persistent weakness and fatigue.
  • Fever and chills.
  • Loss of appetite and weight.
  • Excessive sweating, particularly during the night.
  • Pain in bones or tenderness.
  • Easy bruising and bleeding.
  • Frequent or severe infections.
  • Rashes or red spots on the skin.

The symptoms are vague and not much specific. These symptoms resemble the signs of a regular cough and cold or flu. Therefore, a person experiencing any of the symptoms is advised to get a leukemia test done immediately.

What are types of Leukemia?

The major leukemia types are –

  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) – It is the most common type of leukemia that is chronic in nature.
  • Acute Lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) – This type of leukemia in common in children.
  • Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) – This can occur both in children and adults.
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) – A person suffering from CML experiences few or no symptoms for months, or year till the leukemia cells grow rapidly.

Some of the other major types are Myelodysplastic syndromes, Hairy cell leukemia, and myeloproliferative disorders.

What the types of risk factors include?

Major factors that can increase the risk of developing leukemia include –

  • If one had undergone previous cancer treatment.
  • If the patient is suffering from genetic disorders.
  • If the patient is exposed to certain types of chemicals such as Benzene that are found in gasoline.
  • If the person has a family history of leukemia.

What are the tests and diagnosis options?

Leukemia test includes – physical examinations, blood tests, and bone marrow tests. The patient can also opt for some of the other additional diagnostic tests that are helpful in determining the type of Leukemia one is suffering. The tests can be classified the Leukemia types and indicate the severity of the disease. These also help the doctor to determine the type and make a treatment plan.

Importance of a Complete Blood Count Test (CBC Test)

Complete blood count or as popularly known as the CBC test is a combination of tests that help in the identification of a plethora of ailments including infections, conditions, and diseases. The compound test focuses on acquiring a multitude of health information from blood samples procured for testing and analysis.

A CBC test alone has the prowess of comprehending information about almost all components present in the blood – the red blood cells, while blood cells, platelets, and plasma. An increase or decrease in the amount of any of these components indicates the existence of a problem in the human system. A CBC test may be recommended by a physician to detect some specific ailment or as a routine check-up procedure. The main purpose is to ascertain that whatever is happening inside – in the cells, tissues, and organs, is happening smoothly.

Overall Health Status

Since a CBC test maps all the components of the blood, it means that it, in a way, gives us an overall view of the health of an individual. A person need not be sick to undergo this test. The procedure, in fact, is a smart way for people to know about their blood’s vitality, count levels and even come across possible points of weaknesses that can turn fatal at a later stage.

Useful in Blood Transfusion

CBC test is widely used as one of the main tools for determining the ability of an individual to undergo a blood transfusion. In addition to this, it also offers information about the blood type, Rh factor and other vital elements that are mapped before the blood transfusion process.

Screening for Disease

The test is highly useful in confirming or ruling out a medical condition. For instance, a platelet count can help indicate whether or not it’s in its normal range of not. For lesser or higher than usual platelets indicate chronic conditions.

Monitoring effects of Drugs on Blood

This is yet another area where a CBC test serves handy and useful. There are a broad range of drugs that are known for causing internal problems, if not taken in proper dosage. For mapping proper working of such drugs, this test is recommended. In the event of abnormalities detected in CBC report(s), either the dosage of the drugs are altered or are changed completely, to reduce damage.

Blood Cell Count

Each blood component count is essential to determine whether they are in their normal range or not. A deviation of any of these can or may cause the onset of many diseases, such as anemia, thrombocytopenia, thrombocytosis, etc.

What is AFP Blood Test? Why and When To Opt For It?

What is an AFP Blood test?

AFP blood test, otherwise, also known as Alpha Fetoprotein Test is a type of blood test that measures the level of AFP present in the blood. This test is basically a part of Triple Screening or Quad screening test that is performed during the second trimester of pregnancy. The test is also performed or useful for those patients who are not pregnant.

Primarily, AFP is produced by the yolk sac, GI tract, and liver of an unborn baby or fetus. The substance circulates around the fetal and in the maternal blood.

Why is the test ordered?

In general, AFP blood test comes under a routine screening test that is to be performed by the expectant mother during the second trimester of the pregnancy. The test helps the doctor to know the exact date of the pregnancy. The test is a part of the quad screening test and is ordered to examine the level of – Human chthonic Gonadoprotein (HCG) and Estriol and Inhini, types of hormones produced by the placenta.

AFP blood test is specially ordered to those patients or mothers who are at an increased risk of having children with birth defects. Apart from them, it is also important for women who are 35 or older, have a family history of experiencing congenital disabilities, consume harmful drugs during their pregnancies, have a history of suffering from diabetes problems.

However, for non-pregnant women, An AFP blood test is ordered to diagnose and monitor certain types of liver conditions such as liver cancer, hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, etc. Along with liver disease, these test also helps to examine other types of cancers such as ovarian cancer, testes cancer, biliary tract cancer, stomach, and pancreas cancer, etc. The test needs no special preparation and possesses no threat to life.

How to interpret the results?

For men and non-pregnant women, the normal value should be less than 10 nanograms per milliliter of blood. If the AFP level is high in a non-pregnant woman, it may indicate the presence of cancers or liver diseases. If one is pregnant, then having a high AFP level shows a neutral tube defect in the developing baby. While on the other hand, if the AFP is low, it may indicate that the foetus might be having some chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome, Edwards syndrome, etc.

If the woman is expecting twins or triplets, the Afp level may vary to a great extent. A highly or abnormally increased AFP reading can occur due to the death of the foetal .

However, it is also imperative to note that an abnormal level doesn’t always mean birth defects of the baby. It is always directed to consult the doctor and perform various types of relevant diagnostic tests to confirm the results.

Breast Cancer Test for Genetic: What are The Types of Blood Markers?

Breast cancers in women and have become very common nowadays. Though there is a host of factors that lead to breast cancer but the most common is the ‘Genetic Factor’. Researchers have witnessed that be it is breast cancer or ovarian cancer; heredity has a major role to play in this. Most of the inherited incidents of breast cancer are associated with two types of abnormal genes – Breast Cancer Gene 1 (BRCA 1) and Breast Cancer Gene 2 (BRCA 2). Women who inherit a mutation in either of the genes from their parents are at an increased risk of developing cancer in the breasts. A breast cancer test for genetic involves blood test for BRCA1 and BRCA2.

For diagnosis, doctors usually order a special type of blood test known as Blood Marker Test. Protein and Circulating tumour cells are the two types of protein markers that are measured. Blood marker tests are performed before the treatment and help to diagnose breast cancer. It assesses whether the cancer is responding during and after the treatment. Breast cancer test cost can be expensive depending on the type of genetic test and involves minimal or no risk.

Types of Blood Markers

There are several types of breast cancer testing guidelines that doctors usually follow. Along with the guidelines, they also use various types of blood markers. The 5 most commonly used blood markers include –

  • CA 15.3 – This test is performed to examine Breast and Ovarian cancers.
  • TRU-QUANT and CA 27.29 – It is performed when the doctors become almost 90% sure that breast cancer is present.
  • CA 125 – This test helps to determine the presence of ovarian cancer, breast, and ovarian can recurrence.
  • CEA (Carcinoembryonic Antigen) – It is a type of marker that detects the presence of colon, lungs and liver cancers. It also determines if the breast cancer cells have travelled to other parts of the body.
  • Circulating tumour cells – Circulating tumour cells break off from cancer and travel to the bloodstream. High circulating tumour cells counts indicate that the cancer cells are gradually spreading to other parts of the body.


If one has already suffered from this fatal disease and tends to develop BRCA mutation, it means that the patient is at a greater risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer in future. Some types of preventive measures that one should opt for are –

  • Performing preventive or prophylactic mastectomy or removal of both the breasts. This process reduces the risk of breast cancer to about 90%.
  • Performing preventive or prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy or removal of both the ovaries and fallopian tubes.
  • Taking hormonal therapy medicines. These drugs lower the risk of breast cancer in women.

Karyotype Test – An Important Test to Evaluate Chromosomal Disability

Karyotype is a blood test that is performed to identify and evaluate the size, shape and the number of chromosomes present in the sample of the body cells. The absence of chromosomes or presence of extra chromosomes in the body can cause several types of growth and development disorders. The three major types of Karyotype disorders are – Klinefelter syndrome (XXY), Turner Syndrome (X) and Down syndrome (Trisomy 21).

Why is Karyotype test done?

Karyotype test is performed to –

  • Find out whether any chromosomal changes can be passed on to the child.
  • Find out whether any chromosomal defect is preventing a woman from becoming pregnant or causing miscarriages.
  • Find out if the foetus has any chromosomal disability or any birth defects.
  • Determine the appropriate treatment options for certain types of cancers.
  • Identify the gender of a person by checking the presence of Y chromosome.

How to prepare for the test?

Before performing the test, it is suggested that one must consult the doctor about the need for this test, its risk factors and how it will be performed. This will help the patient to understand the importance of this examination. Since karyotype test results can have a profound impact on the life of the patient, therefore, it is highly recommended to go for a specialist, who specializes in genetic, known as a geneticist or genetic counsellor. Only a specialist can help the patient to make well-informed decisions.

How is the test performed?

Karyotype test is done by using a blood sample taken from a vein of the arm. During pregnancy, the test is performed on a sample of amniotic fluid or the placenta.

Cells are taken from foetus – In this, the cells are collected from the foetus with the help of amniocentesis or chronic villus sampling.

Samples taken from bone marrow – For performing a karyotype test, sometimes, sample of cells are taken from bone, arrow aspiration.

What does abnormal test result mean?

An abnormal test result indicates that there are more than or fewer than 46 chromosomes present in the blood. The size and shapes of the chromosomes are abnormal in nature. It also indicates that a pair of chromosome may be broken or inappropriately separated. A Karyotype test cost is inexpensive in nature and possesses minimal or no threat to life.

Karyotype test sometimes also performed as a part of an annual health checkup package.  If you a resident of Indore and looking for good health checkup packages in Indore, opt for the annual packages offered by Dr Lal PathLabs at the most budgeted price range!

World Health Day 2017 – Depression: Let’s Talk!

Every year, April 7 marks the anniversary of the foundation of the World Health Organization (WHO), and hence, it is celebrated as the World Health Day. The day draws the attention of the masses towards the importance of world health and how we, as individuals, must take care of our health in order to reduce the mortality rate and enhance life expectancy rate. World Health Assembly was first held in the year of 1948 in Geneva by WHO where it decided to dedicate April 7 as World Health Day. Numerous events related to specific themes are organized every year on this day on a national and international level in order to spread awareness about prevailing global problems and how they must be dealt with.

Since its establishment, WHO has addressed many serious health issues, including chickenpox, polio, smallpox, tuberculosis, and leprosy. This year, World Health Day focuses on depression – its anatomy, implications, complications and treatments.

World Health Day 2017 Theme – Depression: Let’s Talk!

Depression is a serious medical illness wherein an individual feels sad and gloomy for a persistent period, loses interest in activities that he/she normally enjoys and becomes incapable of carrying out day to day chores. In addition to this, people with depression syndrome experience symptoms such as loss of energy, a change in the appetite, sleeping less or more, reduced concentration less, anxiety, restlessness, feeling worthless, guilty, and even hopelessness.

Globally, about 350 million people belonging to all ages, suffer from this fatal illness. It typically causes mental anguish and impacts a person’s ability to think straight along with losing interest in carrying out basic activities.

Depression is treatable in nature, with or without the use of medicines. It asks for proper intervention and support of a specialized physician along with friends and family members. The WHO campaign focuses on adolescents, women of childbearing age, people above the age of 60 years. With this global campaign, WHO wishes to raise awareness about depression as sometimes warning signs or symptoms are misjudged or overlooked by family and friends.

Objective behind celebrating World Health Day

Primary objectives behind the celebration of World Health Day every year are as follows:-

  • To increase the awareness about various symptoms, causes and prevention’s of high blood pressure, and other related common diseases and infections.
  • To furnish detailed knowledge on how to prevent oneself against various diseases and their complications.
  • To encourage vulnerable groups to frequently go for check-ups, know about any potential illness that’s likely to affect them in future and take necessary care to avoid the complication.
  • To promote self-care among masses.
  • To motivate health and medical authorities worldwide to make efforts in creating fit and healthy environments in their nation.
  • To protect the families residing in disease-prone areas.
  • To enlighten the travelers and send them messages regarding how to stay protected against vector-borne diseases.

World Health Day essay focuses on increasing awareness amid people regarding diseases, infections, and conditions surrounding them. It encourage people to take charge of their lives – eat healthy, exercise regularly, steer away from uncanny activities such as excess smoking, alcohol consumption, depression, drug over doze, etc., and promote a hale and hearty lifestyle.