Leukemia is a type of cancer that typically begins when the blood cells of the body turn hostile or malignant in nature. When an individual is detected with leukemia, his/her body’s bone marrow starts to produce abnormal white blood cells called the leukemia cells. These abnormal cells disrupt the normal functionality of the WBCs, grow at a much faster rate and outnumber the normal blood cells. This leads to the development of many serious problems in the body including anemia, bleeding and related infections. Abnormal leukemia cells, over the time, spread to other parts of the body and lead to failure of organs as well. A leukemia test aids in diagnosing the presence of malignancies and also the stage of cancer.
Types of Leukemia
Typically there are four main types of leukemia. These are as follows:-
- Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
- Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
- Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
Apart from these, other or rather rarer types of leukemia include myelodysplastic syndromes, myeloproliferative disorders, and hairy cell leukemia.
Symptoms of Leukemia
Symptoms of leukemia vary from one person to another and also the type of leukemia one has developed. However, common signs and symptoms are as follows:-
- Chills or fever
- Persistent weakness and fatigue
- Frequent or severe infections
- Unexpected weight loss
- Swollen lymph nodes or spleen
- Enlarged liver
- Unexpected bleeding or bruising
- Recurring nose bleeding
- Appearing of tiny red spots on the skin
- Excessive sweating especially at night
- Tenderness or pain in the bones
Most physicians are able to detect leukemia with a regular or routine blood test even before the patient starts to witness its symptoms. However, there are cases wherein physicians may have to order a series of tests for checking the presence of the cancer type.
- Physical examination – This involves looking for physical signs of leukemia such as swelling of the lymph nodes, enlarged liver, appearance of tiny red spots on the skin, etc.
- Blood Test – This involves sending a sample of the patient’s blood to the laboratory for the detection of presence of malignancies, or abnormal WBCs or platelets therein.
- Bone Marrow Test – Here, a sample of the bone marrow is extracted using a long, thin needle. The sample is then sent to the lab for biopsy and detection for existence of malignant cells there.
Leukemia test results are generally out for a physician’s analysis in about 24 hours from the time of submission of the testing sample to the laboratory.
Leukemia Test Online
Today, most pathology labs and diagnostic center in Jaipur and other cities across India offer the advantage of booking a leukemia test online. This enables the working class to keep pace with their help despite their busy life schedule. Leukemia test cost is minimal. But, its cost may vary from one pathology lab to another due to the use of different testing equipment and techniques.