Albumin is a protein produced by the liver that carries vital nutrients and hormones and circulates them to different organs and tissues of the body. This type of protein is extremely essential to maintain the growth and repair the tissues. If a person has low albumin content and suffers from various symptoms alike- fatigue, unexpected weight loss, swelling around eyes, stomach, legs, etc. it is highly suggested to get a Serum Albumin Test or Serum blood test done at the earliest. Every diagnostic center in Kolkata is highly equipped with all sorts of modern machines and equipment that help to churn out 100 percent accurate test results.
Why to perform a Serum blood test?
A serum blood test measures the amount of albumin present in the blood. An abnormal level of albumin indicates that the kidneys or the liver are not functioning properly. The test is used as part of an examination called liver panel and checks for the presence of creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and pre-albumin in the blood. The test is ordered when the doctor suspects a particular health condition that is affecting the functioning of the liver.
How to prepare for the test?
There is no special preparation for a serum albumin test. However, it is important to consult with the doctor if one is under medications like anabolic steroids, insulin and growth hormones. The doctor might suggest to stop or change the dosage of the medicines before the test.
Serum blood test for pregnancy
Serum blood test for pregnancy measures the presence of chorionic Gonadotropin (Hcg) hormone in the blood sample of the mother.
How are serum blood test results interpreted?
Serum blood test normal value ranges vary slightly among different laboratories. Typically, the value for serum blood test varies between 3.4to 5.4g/dl. The test usually comprises of a series of tests that evaluates the functioning of liver and kidneys. Therefore, a doctor looks at the entire test results, determine the underlying cause of the symptoms as mentioned earlier and then make the accurate diagnosis. The normal values of various components present in Serum blood test involve-
- Creatinine- 0.8 to 1.3 mg/dl
- Blood urea nitrogen- 8-21 mg/dl
- Ferritin- 1300 ng/mL in men, 12-150 NG/ml in Women.
- Glucose- 65-110 mg/dl.
A low level of albumin content in the blood indicates a number of serious health conditions such as- lover disease, inflammation, shock, malnutrition, Crohn’s disease, Celiac disease, etc. If the serum blood test results show a low level of albumin content in the blood due to liver diseases, the doctor may order some additional tests to determine the particular type of liver diseases such as- hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular necrosis.