Ovarian cancer stands for a chronic condition wherein the cells of the ovary begin to retaliate – multiply at an exceptionally uncontrollable rate and form a tumor. The tumor, if bursts, can spread other parts of the body and increase the intensity of the disease. Ovaries of two reproductive glands of the female human system and are responsible for the production of ova or eggs. Early symptoms of ovarian cancer often serve as warning signals sent by the body to the brain. However, these symptoms are vague and easy to mix with other ailments.
Early Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer
As stated above, initial signs of ovarian cancer can be easily ignored as they’re too similar to many other illnesses. These early symptoms include:-
- Experiencing abdominal bloating, pain, and pressure
- Feeling of fullness after eating area the abnormal area
- Facing difficulty in eating
- Increased urination sessions
- Increased urination urges
Other signs include:-
- Experiencing indigestion
- Pain in the back
- Feeling constipated
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Experiencing pain during intercourse
Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts
In most cases, cysts develop in the ovaries during cancer. While these do not cause any noticeable symptoms and if they do, they disappear on their own. In the case of large a large cyst, the following symptoms can be noticed.
- Pain in the pelvic region that spans from the lower back down to the thighs
- Pain in the pelvic area during menstruation cycle
- Experiencing pain during intercourse near the pelvic area
- Painful bowel movements or pressure on the bowels
- Tenderness of the breast, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms similar to those experienced during pregnancy
- Pressure on the bladder which increases the stances of urination throughout the day.
In most ovarian cancer symptoms lower back pain is a common factor which must not be avoided at all. However, the intensity of these vary from one stage to another. While signs of the presence of cancer in the ovaries during stage 1 are minimally visible, ovarian cancer stage 3 symptoms are the most prominently visible.
Ovarian Cancer Test
To detect ovarian cancer a physician orders a series of tests. These are as follows:-
Imaging Test – During this ovarian cancer test, images of the abdomen and pelvis are obtained. The images are studies for detecting the existence of a tumor, its size, shape, and structure.
Blood Test – This aids in detecting a protein known as CA 125 which is typically found on the surface of the ovarian cancer cells.
Biopsy – A surgery is done to remove a sample of tissues and abdominal fluid to confirm or deny the diagnosis of ovarian cancer.