The total blood count, or CBC, records various important values. Ordinarily, it incorporates the following:
- Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
- Platelet count
- Mean Platelet Volume (MPV)
- White Blood Cell Count (WBC or leukocyte count)
- WBC Differential Count
- Red Blood Cell Count (RBC or erythrocyte count)
- Hematocrit (Hct)
- Haemoglobin (Hbg)
- Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH)
- Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Fixation (MCHC)
- Red Cell Dissemination Width (RDW)
The complete blood count (CBC) is different from most of the regularly requested blood tests. The entire blood count is the estimation of the cell (framed components) of blood. These estimations are for the most part dictated by equipment that examine the diverse segments of blood in a short period of time.
Complete blood count is the measure of the convergence of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets in the blood. This test is performed by acquiring a few drops of blood of the patient.
The skin is wiped clean with alcohol, and a needle is embedded through the region of washed down skin into to patient’s vein. The blood is pulled from the needle by a syringe.
The values for an entire blood count (CBC) are the following:-
- White Blood Cell Count (WBC) is the amount of WBCs in a volume of blood. Typical range is from 4,300 and 10,800 cells for each cubic millimetre (cmm). This can likewise be considered to as the leukocyte count and can be communicated in universal units as 4.3 to 10.8 x 109 cells for each litre.
- White Blood Cell (WBC) Differential Count– The cells in a differential count are granulocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils.
- Red Cell Count (RBC) means the quantity of red blood cells in a volume of blood. Typical range fluctuates for the most part from 4.2 to 5.9 million cells/cmm. This can likewise be considered as the erythrocyte count and can be communicated in universal units as 4.2 to 5.9 x 1012 cells for each litre.
- Haemoglobin (Hb) is the measure of Haemoglobin in a volume of blood. Haemoglobin is the protein atom inside red blood cells that conveys oxygen and gives blood its red color.
Typical range for Haemoglobin is diverse between the genders and is around 13 to 17.5 grams for each deciliter for men and 12 to 15.5 for ladies (worldwide units 8.1 to 11.2 millimoles/liter for men, 7.4 to 9.9 for ladies).
- Hematocrit (Hct) is the proportion of the volume of red cells to the volume of entire blood. Typical range for hematocrit is diverse between the genders and is roughly 45% to half for men and 37% to 45% for ladies.
- Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) is the normal volume of a red blood cell. This is a computed esteem got from the hematocrit and red cell count. Ordinary range may fall between 80 to 100 femtoliters.
- Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH) is the normal measure of haemoglobin in the normal red cell. This is aan ascertained esteem got from the estimation of haemoglobin and the red cell count. Ordinary range is 27 to 32 picograms.
- Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) is the blend of haemoglobin with a given volume of red cells. This is an ascertained volume got from the haemoglobin estimation and the haematocrit. Typical range is 32% to 36%.
- Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) is an estimation of the inconstancy of red cell size and shape. Ordinary range is 11 to 15.
- Platelet count- The quantity of platelets in a predetermined volume of blood. Platelets are not complete cells, but rather really pieces of cytoplasm found in the bone marrow called a megakaryocyte.
- Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) is the normal size of platelets in a volume of blood.