Category Archives: Health

Why Do You Need Dengue Test?

Dengue fever test is used to know whether an individual who is showing symptoms and signs and was exposed recently has been infested with dengue virus. This type of infection is not easy to diagnose. It required laboratory testing since the same symptoms resemble other diseases, like chikungunya infection. There are two main typed of dengue fever test, and these are antibody tests and molecular testing.

Two types of blood test for Dengue 

Antibody test

This is primarily used in diagnosing recent or current infection. They identify two types of antibodies created by the infected patient in accordance to the infection caused by dengue fever, IgM and IgG. The diagnosis may need combination of both tests since the immune system of the human’s body produces different levels of antibodies throughout the duration of the sickness.

IgM antibodies are highly effective when performed 7 to 10 days, at the least, after being exposed to the virus. The blood level rises for few weeks and will gradually decrease. Few month after, IgM antibodies will fall below level that is detectable.

IgG on the other hand are produced slower in relation to a specific infection. The level will arise typically with an infection that is acute, will stabilise and persists long term. Those who are exposed to Dengue virus before the current infection will keep a level of this antibody in his or her blood that could affect the reading of the result.

Molecular testing

This test can identify dengue virus genetic materials in a patient’s blood just within first week once the symptom, like fever, appear and this test can as well pinpoint which amongst the four serotypes is triggering the infection.

A type of RT-PCR test could identify dengue while the other two viruses that are mosquito borne, chikungunya and Zika, and determine which amongst the three is present. There are only limited laboratories that can perform such test, most of the time public health utilities. Although this testing may not be available in clinics and hospitals, medical practitioners can order it from their local and state public health departments. The result can be provided in four days up to two weeks-time.  

This type of test may not be the best test to take after seven days of being ill as it may not identify the dengue virus.

Dengue can be a deadly disease, yet if treated immediately patient can successfully surpass this sickness. Proper testing is necessary to ensure that the real culprit of the virus will be identified and the result of the test primarily will be used to treat the dengue virus.  

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Ferritin Test- Do You Have Enough Iron In Your Body?

What is a ferritin test?

Your body depends on iron in red platelets to convey oxygen to every one of its cells. Without enough iron, your red platelets will be not able supply enough oxygen. An excessive amount of iron isn’t useful for your body either. Both high and low iron levels may demonstrate a genuine basic issue.

In the event that your physician presumes you’re encountering an iron inadequacy or an iron over-burden, they may arrange a ferritin test. This measures the measure of stored iron in your body, which can give your specialist a general idea of your iron levels.

What is ferritin?

Ferritin is different from iron in your body. Rather, ferritin is a protein that stores iron, discharging it when your body needs it. Ferritin as a rule lives in your body’s cells, with almost no circulation in the blood.

Ferritin contains 20 percent iron. Ferritin are normally in the cells of the liver (known as hepatocytes) and immune system (known as reticuloendothelial cells).

Ferritin is put away in the body’s cells until it’s a great opportunity to make more red platelets. The body will flag the cells to discharge ferritin. The ferritin at that point ties to another substance called transferrin.

Transferrin is a protein that joins with ferritin to transport it to where new red platelets are made. Envision transferrin as a committed taxi for iron.

While it’s vital for a man to have typical iron levels, having enough put away iron is imperative as well. In case that a man doesn’t have enough ferritin, iron stores can exhaust rapidly.

Reason behind a ferritin test

If you don’t have enough ferritin in your blood or you have excessively, it can give your specialist signs about your general iron levels. The more ferritin in your blood, the more put away iron your body has.

Low ferritin levels

Your specialist may arrange a ferritin test on the off chance that you have a portion of the accompanying side effects related with low ferritin levels:

  • Unexplained Weariness
  • Endless Migraines
  • Unexplained Shortcoming
  • Ringing In Your Ears
  • Peevishness
  • Leg Torments
  • Shortness Of Breath
  • High Ferritin Levels

You can likewise have high ferritin levels, which can cause upsetting manifestations too. Indications of abundance ferritin include:

  • Stomach Torment
  • Heart Palpitations or Chest Torments
  • Unexplained Shortcoming
  • Joint Torment
  • Unexplained Weakness

Ferritin levels can likewise increment because of harm to your organs, for example, the liver and spleen. The test can likewise be utilized to screen your general wellbeing, especially if you have an iron-related condition that makes you have excessively or too minimal iron in your blood.

How is the ferritin test performed?

The ferritin test requires just a little measure of blood to analyse your ferritin levels precisely. In a few cases, your specialist may approach you not to eat for no less than 12 hours before your blood is drawn.

The test is more exact when it’s performed toward the beginning of the day after you haven’t eaten for some time.

Results

Normal range of ferritin in both men and women are given below:-

  • 20 to 500 nanograms for every milliliter in men
  • 20 to 200 nanograms for each milliliter in ladies

Dengue Fever Blood Test – For Detecting the Dengue Virus

Dengue fever blood test is done to diagnose and screen dengue. Indications, which for the most part start four to six days after disease and keep going for up to 10 days, may incorporate-

  • Sudden, high fever
  • Severe migraines
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Severe joint and muscle torment
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash, which may go on for two to five days after the beginning of fever
  • Mild bleeding (such a nose drain, draining gums, or simple wounding)

Initially, manifestations are gentle and can be confused for those of this season’s cold virus or another viral contamination. More teenagers and individuals who have never had the disease have a tendency to have milder cases than more seasoned teenagers and grown-ups.

Dengue fever blood test is very important as this problem can create many issues. It includes high fever, harm to lymph and veins, seeping from the nose and gums, swelling of the liver, and problem in the circulatory framework. The side effects may advance to excessive bleeding, stun, and demise. This is called dengue stun disorder (DSS).

Individuals with debilitated resistant frameworks and additionally those with a moment or consequent dengue contamination are accepted to be at more serious hazard for creating dengue haemorrhagic fever.

Diagnosing with Dengue fever blood test

Dengue fever blood test is utilized to decide if a man with side effects and late potential presentation to dengue has been tainted. The contamination is hard to analyse without research facility tests since side effects may at first look like different sicknesses, for example, jungle fever. Two kinds of testing are accessible:

Antibody tests- These tests are essentially used to help analyse a present or late contamination. They distinguish two distinct classes of antibodies created by the body in light of a dengue fever infection, IgG and IgM.

Analysis may require a mix of these tests in light of the fact that the body’s resistant framework (immune system) produces fluctuating levels of antibodies through the span of the disease.

IgM antibodies are delivered first and tests for these are best when performed no less than 7-10 days after presentation. Levels in the blood ascend for fourteen days, at that point step by step diminish. Following a couple of months, IgM antibodies fall beneath distinguishable levels. IgG antibodies are delivered all the more gradually in light of a disease.

Regularly, the level ascents with an intense contamination, balances out, and afterward continues for long duration of time. People who have been presented to the infection preceding the present infection keep up a level of IgG antibodies in the blood that can influence the conversion of demonstrative outcomes.

Atomic testing (polymerase chain response, PCR)- This sort of Dengue fever blood test distinguishes the hereditary material of the dengue infection in blood up to 5 days after side effect beginning (fever).

What is AFP Blood Test? Why and When To Opt For It?

What is an AFP Blood test?

AFP blood test, otherwise, also known as Alpha Fetoprotein Test is a type of blood test that measures the level of AFP present in the blood. This test is basically a part of Triple Screening or Quad screening test that is performed during the second trimester of pregnancy. The test is also performed or useful for those patients who are not pregnant.

Primarily, AFP is produced by the yolk sac, GI tract, and liver of an unborn baby or fetus. The substance circulates around the fetal and in the maternal blood.

Why is the test ordered?

In general, AFP blood test comes under a routine screening test that is to be performed by the expectant mother during the second trimester of the pregnancy. The test helps the doctor to know the exact date of the pregnancy. The test is a part of the quad screening test and is ordered to examine the level of – Human chthonic Gonadoprotein (HCG) and Estriol and Inhini, types of hormones produced by the placenta.

AFP blood test is specially ordered to those patients or mothers who are at an increased risk of having children with birth defects. Apart from them, it is also important for women who are 35 or older, have a family history of experiencing congenital disabilities, consume harmful drugs during their pregnancies, have a history of suffering from diabetes problems.

However, for non-pregnant women, An AFP blood test is ordered to diagnose and monitor certain types of liver conditions such as liver cancer, hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, etc. Along with liver disease, these test also helps to examine other types of cancers such as ovarian cancer, testes cancer, biliary tract cancer, stomach, and pancreas cancer, etc. The test needs no special preparation and possesses no threat to life.

How to interpret the results?

For men and non-pregnant women, the normal value should be less than 10 nanograms per milliliter of blood. If the AFP level is high in a non-pregnant woman, it may indicate the presence of cancers or liver diseases. If one is pregnant, then having a high AFP level shows a neutral tube defect in the developing baby. While on the other hand, if the AFP is low, it may indicate that the foetus might be having some chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome, Edwards syndrome, etc.

If the woman is expecting twins or triplets, the Afp level may vary to a great extent. A highly or abnormally increased AFP reading can occur due to the death of the foetal .

However, it is also imperative to note that an abnormal level doesn’t always mean birth defects of the baby. It is always directed to consult the doctor and perform various types of relevant diagnostic tests to confirm the results.

Karyotype Test – An Important Test to Evaluate Chromosomal Disability

Karyotype is a blood test that is performed to identify and evaluate the size, shape and the number of chromosomes present in the sample of the body cells. The absence of chromosomes or presence of extra chromosomes in the body can cause several types of growth and development disorders. The three major types of Karyotype disorders are – Klinefelter syndrome (XXY), Turner Syndrome (X) and Down syndrome (Trisomy 21).

Why is Karyotype test done?

Karyotype test is performed to –

  • Find out whether any chromosomal changes can be passed on to the child.
  • Find out whether any chromosomal defect is preventing a woman from becoming pregnant or causing miscarriages.
  • Find out if the foetus has any chromosomal disability or any birth defects.
  • Determine the appropriate treatment options for certain types of cancers.
  • Identify the gender of a person by checking the presence of Y chromosome.

How to prepare for the test?

Before performing the test, it is suggested that one must consult the doctor about the need for this test, its risk factors and how it will be performed. This will help the patient to understand the importance of this examination. Since karyotype test results can have a profound impact on the life of the patient, therefore, it is highly recommended to go for a specialist, who specializes in genetic, known as a geneticist or genetic counsellor. Only a specialist can help the patient to make well-informed decisions.

How is the test performed?

Karyotype test is done by using a blood sample taken from a vein of the arm. During pregnancy, the test is performed on a sample of amniotic fluid or the placenta.

Cells are taken from foetus – In this, the cells are collected from the foetus with the help of amniocentesis or chronic villus sampling.

Samples taken from bone marrow – For performing a karyotype test, sometimes, sample of cells are taken from bone, arrow aspiration.

What does abnormal test result mean?

An abnormal test result indicates that there are more than or fewer than 46 chromosomes present in the blood. The size and shapes of the chromosomes are abnormal in nature. It also indicates that a pair of chromosome may be broken or inappropriately separated. A Karyotype test cost is inexpensive in nature and possesses minimal or no threat to life.

Karyotype test sometimes also performed as a part of an annual health checkup package.  If you a resident of Indore and looking for good health checkup packages in Indore, opt for the annual packages offered by Dr Lal PathLabs at the most budgeted price range!

World Health Day 2017 – Depression: Let’s Talk!

Every year, April 7 marks the anniversary of the foundation of the World Health Organization (WHO), and hence, it is celebrated as the World Health Day. The day draws the attention of the masses towards the importance of world health and how we, as individuals, must take care of our health in order to reduce the mortality rate and enhance life expectancy rate. World Health Assembly was first held in the year of 1948 in Geneva by WHO where it decided to dedicate April 7 as World Health Day. Numerous events related to specific themes are organized every year on this day on a national and international level in order to spread awareness about prevailing global problems and how they must be dealt with.

Since its establishment, WHO has addressed many serious health issues, including chickenpox, polio, smallpox, tuberculosis, and leprosy. This year, World Health Day focuses on depression – its anatomy, implications, complications and treatments.

World Health Day 2017 Theme – Depression: Let’s Talk!

Depression is a serious medical illness wherein an individual feels sad and gloomy for a persistent period, loses interest in activities that he/she normally enjoys and becomes incapable of carrying out day to day chores. In addition to this, people with depression syndrome experience symptoms such as loss of energy, a change in the appetite, sleeping less or more, reduced concentration less, anxiety, restlessness, feeling worthless, guilty, and even hopelessness.

Globally, about 350 million people belonging to all ages, suffer from this fatal illness. It typically causes mental anguish and impacts a person’s ability to think straight along with losing interest in carrying out basic activities.

Depression is treatable in nature, with or without the use of medicines. It asks for proper intervention and support of a specialized physician along with friends and family members. The WHO campaign focuses on adolescents, women of childbearing age, people above the age of 60 years. With this global campaign, WHO wishes to raise awareness about depression as sometimes warning signs or symptoms are misjudged or overlooked by family and friends.

Objective behind celebrating World Health Day

Primary objectives behind the celebration of World Health Day every year are as follows:-

  • To increase the awareness about various symptoms, causes and prevention’s of high blood pressure, and other related common diseases and infections.
  • To furnish detailed knowledge on how to prevent oneself against various diseases and their complications.
  • To encourage vulnerable groups to frequently go for check-ups, know about any potential illness that’s likely to affect them in future and take necessary care to avoid the complication.
  • To promote self-care among masses.
  • To motivate health and medical authorities worldwide to make efforts in creating fit and healthy environments in their nation.
  • To protect the families residing in disease-prone areas.
  • To enlighten the travelers and send them messages regarding how to stay protected against vector-borne diseases.

World Health Day essay focuses on increasing awareness amid people regarding diseases, infections, and conditions surrounding them. It encourage people to take charge of their lives – eat healthy, exercise regularly, steer away from uncanny activities such as excess smoking, alcohol consumption, depression, drug over doze, etc., and promote a hale and hearty lifestyle.

Early Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer stands for a chronic condition wherein the cells of the ovary begin to retaliate – multiply at an exceptionally uncontrollable rate and form a tumor. The tumor, if bursts, can spread other parts of the body and increase the intensity of the disease. Ovaries of two reproductive glands of the female human system and are responsible for the production of ova or eggs. Early symptoms of ovarian cancer often serve as warning signals sent by the body to the brain. However, these symptoms are vague and easy to mix with other ailments.

Early Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

As stated above, initial signs of ovarian cancer can be easily ignored as they’re too similar to many other illnesses. These early symptoms include:-

  • Experiencing abdominal bloating, pain, and pressure
  • Feeling of fullness after eating area the abnormal area
  • Facing difficulty in eating
  • Increased urination sessions
  • Increased urination urges

Other signs include:-

  • Fatigue
  • Experiencing indigestion
  • Heartburn
  • Pain in the back
  • Feeling constipated
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Experiencing pain during intercourse

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

In most cases, cysts develop in the ovaries during cancer. While these do not cause any noticeable symptoms and if they do, they disappear on their own. In the case of large a large cyst, the following symptoms can be noticed.

  • Pain in the pelvic region that spans from the lower back down to the thighs
  • Pain in the pelvic area during menstruation cycle
  • Experiencing pain during intercourse near the pelvic area
  • Painful bowel movements or pressure on the bowels
  • Tenderness of the breast, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms similar to those experienced during pregnancy
  • Pressure on the bladder which increases the stances of urination throughout the day.

In most ovarian cancer symptoms lower back pain is a common factor which must not be avoided at all. However, the intensity of these vary from one stage to another. While signs of the presence of cancer in the ovaries during stage 1 are minimally visible, ovarian cancer stage 3 symptoms are the most prominently visible.

Ovarian Cancer Test

To detect ovarian cancer a physician orders a series of tests. These are as follows:-

Imaging Test – During this ovarian cancer test, images of the abdomen and pelvis are obtained. The images are studies for detecting the existence of a tumor, its size, shape, and structure.

Blood Test – This aids in detecting a protein known as CA 125 which is typically found on the surface of the ovarian cancer cells.

Biopsy – A surgery is done to remove a sample of tissues and abdominal fluid to confirm or deny the diagnosis of ovarian cancer.