Complete blood count or as popularly known as the CBC test is a combination of tests that help in the identification of a plethora of ailments including infections, conditions, and diseases. The compound test focuses on acquiring a multitude of health information from blood samples procured for testing and analysis.
A CBC test alone has the prowess of comprehending information about almost all components present in the blood – the red blood cells, while blood cells, platelets, and plasma. An increase or decrease in the amount of any of these components indicates the existence of a problem in the human system. A CBC test may be recommended by a physician to detect some specific ailment or as a routine check-up procedure. The main purpose is to ascertain that whatever is happening inside – in the cells, tissues, and organs, is happening smoothly.
Overall Health Status
Since a CBC test maps all the components of the blood, it means that it, in a way, gives us an overall view of the health of an individual. A person need not be sick to undergo this test. The procedure, in fact, is a smart way for people to know about their blood’s vitality, count levels and even come across possible points of weaknesses that can turn fatal at a later stage.
Useful in Blood Transfusion
CBC test is widely used as one of the main tools for determining the ability of an individual to undergo a blood transfusion. In addition to this, it also offers information about the blood type, Rh factor and other vital elements that are mapped before the blood transfusion process.
Screening for Disease
The test is highly useful in confirming or ruling out a medical condition. For instance, a platelet count can help indicate whether or not it’s in its normal range of not. For lesser or higher than usual platelets indicate chronic conditions.
Monitoring effects of Drugs on Blood
This is yet another area where a CBC test serves handy and useful. There are a broad range of drugs that are known for causing internal problems, if not taken in proper dosage. For mapping proper working of such drugs, this test is recommended. In the event of abnormalities detected in CBC report(s), either the dosage of the drugs are altered or are changed completely, to reduce damage.
Blood Cell Count
Each blood component count is essential to determine whether they are in their normal range or not. A deviation of any of these can or may cause the onset of many diseases, such as anemia, thrombocytopenia, thrombocytosis, etc.